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crypto data breach

Why is a data breach a big risk for crypto traders, and how can they avoid it?

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Every day, thousands of users have their information stolen. Because of this, it’s more important than ever to know what a data breach is, how it happens, and how to stop it.

Most websites store information about their users in some way. When they have a data breach, it is hard to stop the spread of the information that has been compromised. A data breach can have terrible effects, like ruining your online reputation for good or even letting someone steal your identity.

A password breach could cause crypto traders to lose a lot of money. Because of this, it’s important to learn more about data breaches and how to keep your passwords and money safe.

How information gets stolen

There are many ways and reasons why data can be leaked. Most of the time, they are caused by someone bad outside the organization, but they can also be caused by someone inside the organization.

When a data breach happens within an organization, it’s usually because of an accident, a mistake, or a weakness in the system. But they can also be done on purpose by someone inside the company. This is called a “insider job.”

It’s called a “deliberate attack” when a data breach happens because someone wants to hurt the company. Methods like ransomware, phishing, social engineering, SQL injection, and brute-force attacks may be used in these planned attacks.

The most common reason for a data breach is stolen credentials

Not surprisingly, most data breaches are caused by stolen or leaked credentials.

When a password gets stolen or leaked, it can be used by people who shouldn’t have it to get into personal or business accounts. Cybercriminals can get passwords by using keylogger programs, phishing, social engineering, brute-force attacks, and sometimes just guessing.

Users and businesses can lose a lot if their passwords are stolen, because cybercriminals can get into their accounts and cause big financial losses.

The biggest data breaches of 2022

Last year, there have been a lot of big data leaks that put the information of millions of customers at risk. Here are some of the most important things that happened last year:

  • On January 17, 2022, hackers broke into the wallets of almost 500 crypto traders on and stole $18 million in bitcoin and $15 million in Ethereum.
  • The hacker group Lapsus$ broke into the authentication company Okta on March 21, 2022. This affected 2.5% of the company’s customers.
  • On March 23, 2022, hackers stole $625 million worth of cryptocurrency from the people who made Axie Infinity.
  • On July 21, 2022, hackers broke into the phone numbers and email addresses of about 5.4 million Twitter users and put them up for sale.

How can people who steal information use it?

Hackers can use stolen data in many ways, some of which are worse than others. What criminals do with stolen data largely depends on whether it’s business or personal.

Personal information

  • Sell it to make money. Hackers may sell stolen information on the dark web. Experian says that criminals can sell information for anywhere from $1 to $2,000.
  • Steal money or lie about your finances. If someone steals your information, they might be able to get into your bank or investment accounts and steal your money.
  • Steal someone else’s name. Hackers could use stolen information to open new credit cards or file a tax return in the name of the victim.
  • Cause damage on social media. Cybercriminals may also use stolen information to get into the victim’s social media accounts. They might share posts as the victim or ask their friends and followers for money by pretending to be the victim.

Most of the time, the victim will have to jump through hoops to get their life back to how it was, like calling the police, changing all of their login information, and telling their family and friends.

Corporate information

Theft of corporate information can also do a lot of damage to a company’s reputation.

When a major data breach happens, people may lose faith in an organization’s ability to keep their information safe. This loss of trust can hurt a business’s reputation in the long run in a way that can’t be fixed.

Of course, stolen corporate information can also lead to big financial losses, like in the cases of the data breaches listed above. Overall, data breaches are very dangerous, whether they happen to an individual or to a business.

How to stop a security breach

People and businesses can stop data breaches in a number of ways, such as:

  • Putting out new versions of software.
  • Keeping an eye out for phishing attempts.
  • Documents with personal or financial information should be shredded.
  • Only use websites that are safe.
  • Taking a look at credit reports.

But since weak or stolen passwords cause most data breaches, let’s look at how to make your passwords stronger.

Improve your password security

For stopping data breaches, password security is very important. Strong passwords are much harder to figure out and will do a better job of protecting your accounts. Here are some ways to keep your passwords safe:

  • Make up your own passwords with at least 12 characters.
  • Use both small letters and capital letters, as well as a mix of letters and numbers.
  • Include at least one character that isn’t normal. The harder it is for hackers to guess or crack your password, the longer and more complicated it is.
  • Keep your passwords safe. Using a reliable password manager could help you always make strong, uncrackable passwords and store them in a safe, encrypted place. Using a password manager can help you avoid making mistakes and keep your accounts safer.

Tips for keeping crypto wallets from getting hacked

As crypto trading gets more popular, there are also more data breaches that involve crypto. Strong passwords are the first line of defense for your crypto wallets. Here are some things you can do to keep your cryptocurrency wallets safe:

  • Make your passwords hard. Hackers have easy access to malicious tools that can be used for brute force attacks and guessing passwords. Hackers may be able to get into your crypto trading account and empty your wallet if your passwords aren’t strong enough.
  • Use unique passwords. Use a different password for each account. Because of the risk of third-party data breaches, it is also important to have unique passwords. If one email account gets hacked, all shared passwords could be at risk.
  • Use a program to keep track of your passwords. With a password manager, you can keep track of your long, strong passwords. You can store, autofill, and save as many strong passwords as you want with these helpful security tools. Your passwords are easy to get to on any device, but you are the only one who can use them.



Top Virtual Private Networks (VPNs) for Crypto Transactions in 2022

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Even while VPNs can’t stop highly focused attacks, nobody will bother you if they have no idea who you are. Adding a trustworthy VPN to your security toolset is a positive step in the right direction. When it comes to safety, Virtual Private Network (VPN) services can be quite helpful. They add a layer of encryption between you, your ISP, and the sites you visit, so enhancing your privacy and anonymity.

The usage of a virtual private network (VPN) is unnecessary for transacting with cryptocurrencies because the protocols underlying them are encrypted by design. However, it doesn’t hurt to add another layer of security, especially if you choose a VPN that has a solid track record of protecting users’ anonymity and doesn’t keep any logs of the traffic they initiate. To the contrary, if you have a problem with other individuals spying on you, it is strongly recommended that you acquire one (be it government agencies, hackers, or advertisers).

Here are the top five VPNs for cryptocurrency transactions if you happen to be one of the few remaining privacy- and anonymity-conscious individuals. They supposedly do not keep any logs, come with useful extras like an automated stop button, and are appropriate for all crypto aficionados.

1. NordVPN

While it comes to online anonymity and security, NordVPN is your best bet when dealing in cryptocurrencies. It originates in Panama and supports all forms of web traffic, including P2P and video streaming. And even if your VPN connection drops, your IP address will still be safe because of the built-in kill switch and stringent no-logs policy.

Here are a few of Nord VPN’s most significant features:

  • Military-grade encryption
  • CyberSec
  • Double VPN
  • Strict no logs policy
  • Automatic kill-switch
  • DNS leak protection
  • Onion (Tor) over VPN
  • 5200 servers in 60 countries all over the world
  • Good for accessing streaming services
  • Lightning fast
  • Welcomes P2P traffic
  • Works with all sorts of operational systems
  • Protects up to six devices with a single account.
  • Dedicated IP addresses
  • Browser proxy extension
  • 24/7 customer support
  • Super easy to install and use

Moreover, bitcoin payments are welcome. At the present, Bitcoin (BTC), Ethereum (ETH), Ripple (XRP), Litecoin (LTC), Dash (DASH), Monero (XMR), Zcash (ZEC), Tron (TRX), and BitTorrent (BTT) can all be used to purchase a subscription.

2. TorGuard

However, TorGuard’s location in Orlando, Florida, is less than ideal for a VPN company. But it doesn’t store any information about its users, so it has nothing to sell to advertisers or other third parties. In addition, it has no history of data leaks, which is a positive sign that the company values its customers.

TorGuard is optimized for use with P2P file sharing networks like Torrent, but it may also be used with cryptocurrencies. It loads in a flash, is completely safe, and has a plethora of features that both newbies and power users will find helpful.

  • 3000+ servers in more than 55 countries
  • Strict no logs policy
  • Unlimited speeds and bandwidth
  • Up to 5 simultaneous connections
  • Perfect forward secrecy (TLS)
  • Supports all OS, devices, and can be installed on routers.
  • Anti-ads and malware filters
  • Supports many different protocols (OpenVPN, PPTP, L2TP, IPsec, SSTP)
  • SSL VPN via OpenConnect, AnyConnect, and Stunnel
  • DNS leak protection
  • Automatic kill-switch
  • Stealth VPN (bypasses DPI)
  • Protects against all known leaks
  • 24/7 customer support
  • Unblocks media streaming sites (for an extra fee)
  • Assigns static IPs (for an extra fee)

All in all, TorGuard is one of the top security-oriented VPNs known for its state-of-the-art encryption and granular control over its features. It may not be the most user-friendly VPN out there, but it’s still relatively easy to use.

3. Mullvad

Mullvad, established in Sweden, is a VPN service that prioritizes user anonymity. Although it may not have the most cutting-edge capabilities, it effectively protects your privacy and anonymity when browsing the web.

Mullvad’s main characteristics are:

  • No activity logs
  • No connection logs
  • 340+ servers in 37 countries
  • AES-256-CBC, OpenVPN, and WireGuard encryption standards.
  • Enables traffic from P2P websites and apps
  • Can bypass Netflix geoblocking but not other media streaming sites
  • Works with Windows, macOS, and Linux
  • DNS and IPv6 leak protection
  • Kill-Switch
  • Unlimited bandwidth and data.

Despite Sweden’s reputation for monitoring, the country’s regulation does not require VPN services to gather user data, and there have been no verified data leaks or breaches in the industry’s 10 years of existence. After all is said and done, it is still a reliable VPN service.

4. VPNArea

Bulgaria is home to VPNArea, a virtual private network service. Established in 2012, it provides a transparent privacy framework with zero documented instances of data loss. For this reason, VPNArea may be trusted; in fact, Bulgaria is one of the few countries with privacy legislation.

VPNArea’s reliability isn’t limited to just protecting your privacy. It’s a flexible VPN that comes with:

  • No activity or connection logs tracking
  • More than 250 servers in 65 countries
  • Supports up to 6 devices at the same time
  • AES-256, OpenVPN, and IKEv2 encryption standards
  • Supports P2P traffic
  • Works with Windows, MacOS, Linux, iOS, Android devices, and routers.
  • Unblocks almost all streaming sites
  • Fast and easy to use
  • Malicious ads and malware protection
  • Unlimited bandwidth and data
  • DNS and IPv6 leak protection
  • Kill-Switch

5. ExpressVPN

ExpressVPN is headquartered in the British Virgin Islands, which does not have regulations pertaining to data retention. The VPN providers based in the exotic British Virgin Islands are exempt from any surveillance agreements because of the islands’ lack of regulatory ties to the United Kingdom.

On top of that, Express VPN has excellent speed and a wide variety of useful functions, such as:

  • Unblocking all blocked websites, including streaming services
  • No activity and connection logs
  • More than 3000 servers in 94 countries
  • Supports for up to 3 devices simultaneously
  • OpenVPN, IKEv2, L2TP, SSTP, PPTP encryption
  • P2P traffic
  • Works on Windows, MacOS, Linux, iOS, Android and compatible routers
  • Automatic Kill-Switch
  • Unlimited bandwidth and data
  • DNS and IPv6 leak protection
  • Simple to install and use

ExpressVPN deserves special attention because it is a reliable and trustworthy VPN provider. The Turkish government confiscated the company’s servers in January 2017, however they were unable to retrieve any data. Thus, ExpressVPN is a reliable player in the privacy and anonymity category, despite being positioned as a service for users who wish to access media streaming websites and avoid geoblocking limitations.


how to buy altcoins

Crypto: How To Buy Altcoins?

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With thousands of circulating cryptocurrencies, it can be hard to wrap your head around everything that is going on – what are all these coins alongside Bitcoin anyway? At the moment, there are over 2000 cryptocurrencies listed on different exchanges and growing. There is no way one could research all these projects. Yet, sooner or later, you may stumble into a great investment opportunity. So how do you buy Altcoins?

Knowing astronomical crypto returns, you may not want to pass it. However, buying lesser-known altcoins is more complicated and riskier than it appears. Fortunately, you came to the right place, as this guide shows you how to purchase altcoins safely in 2019.

Answering the Question, “What Are Altcoins?”

In 2009, Bitcoin was the first cryptocurrency to enter circulation. As of the genesis block’s inception, these were its constants:

  • There can be only 21 million Bitcoins.
  • New coins are produced every 10 minutes.
  • Bitcoin is mined and secured by enormous quantities of computing power.
  • It is designed to be means of payment.

Clearly, Bitcoin fits into a certain market with well-defined criteria and a specific use case. However, Bitcoin’s groundbreaking technology opens the door to a plethora of new possibilities. Although it is the first totally decentralized digital currency, Bitcoin also sets the path for a rich ecosystem of alternative initiatives and cryptocurrencies.

Many forward-thinking business owners and tech forefathers see thousands of ways in which distributed ledger technology (DLT) can alter the course of human history. Here’s when ‘altcoins’ come in handy.

Alternate coins, or “altcoins” for short, are a type of digital currency. Every digital currency that is not Bitcoin fits the definition of this word. Ethereum, Litecoin, Ripple, Tron, Verge, EOS, and everything else are all instances of popular altcoins.

So-called “altcoins” often consist of “forks,” or direct copies, of Bitcoin’s original open-source code. Other initiatives are little more than money grabs or unproven theories. Nevertheless, there are also numerous promising new companies, each with its own distinctive value proposition, solutions, and characteristics. You have to separate the useful information from the fluff.

Types of Coins that Are Most Common

Keeping track of the countless new cryptocurrency ventures is a daunting task. For convenience, let’s divide crypto assets into five classes:

Currency in digital form
Cryptocurrencies, digital coins, or currency tokens are a type of digital currency created to permit secure, instant payments between individuals. This includes Bitcoin and a plethora of similar cryptocurrencies. Many of them even emerged from minor tweaks to the original Bitcoin code.

Litecoin, Bitcoin Cash, Dash, Zcash, and many others are examples of alternative cryptocurrencies. Some other forms of digital currency are entirely new creations. Despite their differences in method, cryptocurrencies like Monero, Bytecoin, Ripple, Stellar, Nano, and related projects all aim to accomplish the same thing.

Incentives Tokens
These tokens are used to unlock features, services, and other benefits within a platform in exchange for a fee. Coins for use in a certain app may also go by another name. Utility tokens are typically issued on a particular blockchain or DLT platform (like Ethereum) and disseminated through ICOs. To raise money for a new venture’s development, ICOs are used.

Tokens for the platform are distributed to the ICO backers. Token holders in these projects may be given the right to vote on key governance issues or the opportunity to stake their tokens for additional incentives. The Basic Attention Token (BAT), Golem (GNT), Status (SNT), Revain (R), and Augur (XAU) are all instances of utility tokens (REP).

Tokens as a Form of Security
Tokens representing a stake in a company or an interest in a business provide investors a stake in a project. Bitcoins, for example, might be seen as digital shares of a corporation and, in some situations, its holders are even eligible to receive dividend payments. However, many ICOs for security tokens were scrapped because of government oversight. But they are getting more and more popular.

Security tokens are popular among investors because of the benefits they provide, while projects can take use of the investor’s cash. Keep in mind that tokenized securities are not the same thing as security tokens. The first is a token that represents an existing asset on a blockchain, while the latter is a security that is issued on the ledger.

What what constitutes a security token has been the subject of much debate and remains something of a nebulous concept. The Howey Test is used by some regulatory agencies, including the SEC in the United States. The token is tested against the following requirements for security:

  • Money is being put into it (or other assets).
  • This is an investment in a joint venture.
  • It is common practice to count on financial gain from other people’s efforts.

The federal government can regulate equity tokens if they are considered securities. The issuance process for security tokens is distinct, and is known as a Security Token Offering (STO). Security tokens are not traded on conventional cryptocurrency exchanges after they have been issued.

Accredited investors are the only people who can trade these tokens on the specialist security token exchanges. BCap (Blockchain Capital), Science Blockchain fund, and are three of the most prominent examples of tokenized equities. Polymath (POLY), Harbor, Securitize, and Swarm are just a few of the projects that aid businesses in introducing STOs.

Coins that represent assets
Commodities such as fiat cash, gold, oil, and others serve as backing for asset tokens. They represent an electronic token that is backed by real-world assets. Therefore, unlike conventional cryptocurrencies, the value of most asset-backed tokens remains rather constant. Asset tokens present a fresh application of blockchain technology, and their popularity is expected to increase in the next years.

They facilitate the acquisition of goods with reduced logistical and transportation expenses. Tether (USDT), TrueUSD (TUSD), and Digix Gold Token are all instances of asset-backed tokens that have gained popularity (DGX).

Coins as Rewards
Tokens of merit are a means by which members of an ecosystem can demonstrate their standing. As with utility tokens, they can only be used on a given platform, but rather than having to pay for them, users can earn them by activity.

In most cases, their purpose is to encourage users to carry out activities that contribute to the ecosystem’s functioning. However, they are exchangeable for other currencies. Steem (STEEM), Lympo (LYM), and BitDegree are three great instances of reward tokens (BDG).

Some tokens and coins are difficult to classify since they overlap with numerous different types. Furthermore, there is a subset of cryptocurrencies that serves no discernible function at all. Those attempts are commonly referred to as “funny coins.”

Funny coins
Joke coins function like currency and can even be redeemed for prizes. Even though they can be transferred between users and exchanged for real currency, the vast majority of these tokens were made for amusement only.

Not all of them are legitimate investments; some of them are just scams designed to make you rich quickly. Dogecoin (DOGE), Coinye (Kanye West), PonziCoin, and Litecoin are all examples of joke coins (PONZI).

Altcoins: The Most Common Varieties

It is simpler to acquire some alternative cryptocurrencies than others. It’s simple to obtain them because they’re traded on a variety of markets. So, Litecoin (LTC) may be bought and sold on at least 150 different exchanges. The Ripple cryptocurrency (XRP) is traded on over 110 markets. Monero (XMR), the most widely used privacy coin, is traded on more than 50 different platforms.

While some altcoins have gained significant traction, others have not. It can be a long process for new projects and their associated altcoins to get listed on major exchanges. It is significantly more difficult to acquire lesser-known coins because they are often offered on only one or two exchanges with a dubious reputation. In order to acquire certain, lesser-known altcoins, you will likely have to open accounts with various exchanges.

Method for Buying Altcoins (and Where To Buy Altcoins)

How do you decide which alternative cryptocurrency exchange is best for you?

The best approach is always conditional on your specific needs. Are you a cryptocurrency investor or do you currently own any? Do you have access to foreign currency? Step by step, let’s get you some alternative cryptocurrencies.

To begin, pick a trustworthy cryptocurrency exchange where you can convert your fiat currency.

Altcoins are typically traded against Bitcoin or Ethereum on cryptocurrency exchanges. Alternate cryptocurrencies can be purchased with these. It may be necessary to open an account with many cryptocurrency exchanges and move funds between them in order to accomplish your goals. However, it’s not hard to do, and the benefits usually justify the effort. Therefore, if you are just getting started with cryptocurrencies and don’t yet have any Bitcoins or Ether, let’s go back to square one.

Get started by signing up for a gateway service. A gateway service, often known as a fiat-to-crypto exchange, allows users to convert fiat currency into cryptocurrency. exchange is one of the easiest places to purchase, sell, trade, and fill your account with cryptocurrencies, in our opinion. In addition, you can use the app and debit card to make everyday cryptocurrency purchases.

There are a few other trustworthy and user-friendly fiat-to-crypto platforms besides Coinbase (exchange review), eToro (broker review), and Binance (exchange review).

Look for a service that matches your demands and is not blocked in your jurisdiction and pay attention to the deposit and transfer fees. Fast credit/debit card transfers may be available through certain gateway exchanges or brokers; however, these transactions typically incur higher fees than standard ones. Find out whether they have any markets for cryptocurrencies, too. Most businesses always work on listing additional coins, so if you are lucky, you might find a sought altcoin listed on an accesible fiat-to-crypto platform. If that’s the case, you should just go ahead and buy it locally.



is bitcoin a pyramid scheme?

Is Bitcoin a Ponzi or Pyramid Scheme or Not?

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In today’s society, everyone craves a quick and easy way to monetize their efforts. As a result, several scams and frauds have emerged to take advantage of the trusting public. Examples include Ponzi and pyramid schemes.

In today’s society, everyone craves a quick and easy way to monetize their efforts. As a result, several scams and frauds have emerged to take advantage of the trusting public. Examples include Ponzi and pyramid schemes.

One recurring concern is whether or not Bitcoin is actually a pyramid scheme.

Is Bitcoin a pyramid scheme?

To understand the solution to this question, you must first understand what a pyramid scheme actually is: a type of business that lures in new customers by offering them financial gain in exchange for signing up their friends.

Unlike pyramid schemes, Bitcoin does not provide investors a return on their investment. You should be skeptical of those who say differently. Many fraudulent sites have made use of Bitcoin, but this says nothing about Bitcoin itself or the blockchain technology that underpins it. When a new form of transportation, footwear, communication device, or weapon becomes available, you can bet that criminals will be among the first to own and use it. For them, Bitcoin is merely another piece of technology to use into their scams. Even though it’s often employed in many pyramid schemes, the US dollar is not a pyramid scheme.

For more information about potential crypto fraud and how to avoid it, see our articles “5 Crypto Scams To Be Aware Of” and “Bitcoin security tips for beginner’s.”

Is Bitcoin a Ponzi scheme?

Isn’t that a Ponzi scheme? In a nutshell, Bitcoin is not a Ponzi scheme. Similar to a pyramid scam, participants in a Ponzi scheme receive a portion of the funds contributed by others, but no compensation is offered for recruiting new participants.

A Ponzi scheme cannot function without a social stratification of some sort, or a group of people at the bottom who work to benefit those at the top. In Bitcoin’s decentralized system, for example, there is no hierarchy and everyone is treated equally. Due to its open-source nature, anybody can participate in Bitcoin’s development or contribute to the network by mining BTC.

If you want to learn more about Bitcoin, we have guides explaining things like “Why do bitcoins have value?” and “How is the price of bitcoins set?”

The articles “Should I buy bitcoin?” and “How to buy bitcoin” will help you decide if you should invest in bitcoin.

guide to set up bitcoin wallet

How to Create a Bitcoin Wallet in 3 Easy Steps

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A Bitcoin wallet is required to buy and sell bitcoins. This service functions similarly to a bank account in that it can be used to receive, hold, and transfer funds. The wallet protects the private key that allows you to spend your bitcoins and facilitates the management of transactions. You need to protect it as carefully as you would a credit card number. It’s possible that if you don’t, your money will be stolen.

How to create a Bitcoin wallet?

Bitcoin wallets come in numerous varieties, each with its own set of advantages and disadvantages. Desktop software wallets strike a wonderful balance between ease and security, while mobile wallets are ideal for day-to-day use. Web wallets that are not resource intensive are the greatest option for doing rapid financial transactions online. When storing bitcoins for an extended period of time, cold encrypted hardware wallets such as the Ledger or Trezor are recommended. Nonetheless, hardware wallets, unlike some alternatives, aren’t free and typically cost $50 or more.

Let’s take a deeper look at these three Bitcoin wallet creation options.

1. Install a piece of software Bitcoin Wallets

A Bitcoin wallet can be obtained by downloading and installing a client app or software wallet, both of which are available for free. To send and receive digital money and keep track of one’s balance, users need a software wallet, which is a program that maintains private and public keys and interacts with blockchain. There are two sorts of software wallets – mobile and desktop.

Lightweight Bitcoin clients, such those found in mobile software wallets, let you take your bitcoins with you everywhere you go. Convenience is a major benefit at times. A Bitcoin wallet of your choosing must be downloaded for this to work. You may find a lot of them on the app store, but I’ll recommend a handful that I personally use and enjoy:

  • Mycellium
  • Bread (BRD) wallet
  • Bitcoin wallet
  • Electrum
  • Samourai

Desktop software wallets are more cumbersome and difficult to use than mobile wallets, but they offer a wider range of features and are typically considered more secure.

Popular desktop wallets include:

  • Bitcoin Core
  • Armory
  • Electrum
  • Wasabi
  • Green Address

Each wallet is slightly different from the others, therefore it’s best to download it from its respective website and install it according to the instructions provided.

It is not advisable, however, to store the entirety of your Bitcoin holdings in a software wallet unless you are quite confident in your cybersecurity abilities and know for a fact that no one can get into your equipment.

2. Create a bitcoin online wallet

Using a web service to create a Bitcoin wallet is another easy option. With a web-based wallet, your private keys are kept in a secure location on a server managed by the service’s administrators. To make things easier, Bitcoin web wallets like Coinbase allow you to sync your mobile and desktop wallets. This wallet is common since it allows you to access your money from any location with an internet connection.

Keep in mind that a web wallet is only suitable for holding a small number of Bitcoin because the website controls your private keys and can grab your Bitcoin at any time. While there have been isolated incidents of bad intent from web-wallet service providers, hackers tend to focus on this sector, making security breaches more likely.

Cases in point of well-liked Bitcoin online wallets include:

  • Coinbase
  • Rahakott
  • BitGo

3. Set up a Bitcoin hardware wallet

Finally, there are bitcoin hardware wallets, widely regarded as the safest place to keep your bitcoins for the foreseeable future.

Electronic private keys are stored in hardware wallets, which are tangible devices that permit transactions. Your money is never left in the hands of a third party when you use one of these portable wallets. But you have to pay for them. Since their prices start at $50, it’s usually only worthwhile to get one if you intend to store $1,000 or more in bitcoin.

Bitcoin hardware wallets that come with the highest recommendations are:

  • Ledger
  • Trezor
  • BitLox
  • KeepKey

Final words on setting up a bitcoin wallet

As before, each wallet has its own unique setup process that must be followed. You should only ever buy a hardware wallet directly from the company that made it. Create a paper Bitcoin wallet if you want a free, secure alternative to an online wallet.


what is bitcoin mining

Bitcoin Mining Guide: What is the process?

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When governments in fiat money systems run short of currency, they simply create more. Bitcoin, on the other hand, does not rely on the printing of currency but rather on the discovery of new bitcoins. Coins are “mined” by computers all over the world in a competitive process. To put it simply, governments and banks in a conventional fiscal system can and do create new money whenever they see fit. With Bitcoin, however, no one can do this since new Bitcoins are issued through a process called “mining” or “bitcoin mining”, which is a very ingenious way to confirm Bitcoin transactions and record them on a decentralized ledger at the same time.

But how exactly does Bitcoin mining work perfectly? This article will introduce you to Bitcoin mining and its central processes from the ground up.

What is Bitcoin mining?

Simply said, bitcoin mining is the act of “discovering” new bitcoins. Just like there will never be more than 21 million ounces of gold, there will never be more than 21 million bitcoins. It’s like gold in that it takes time and money to get to it. Bitcoins, on the other hand, were created to be mined utilizing the combined processing power of millions of computers in a global competition rather than a single, centralized location.

This concept is difficult to grasp at first, but ultimately proves to be brilliant. Anyone may set up a Bitcoin node and try their hand at mining, but there’s no assurance they’ll make a profit. Yet, the network’s operation and security are guaranteed by these millions of machines.

See our self-titled guide if you’re interested in learning more about “what is bitcoin mining.”

All you need to know about Bitcoin mining for the time being is that it has various functions:

  • provides protection for the Bitcoin network.
  • provides an incentive for miners to contribute their computing power to the Bitcoin network.
  • Authenticates Bitcoin deals.
  • protects Bitcoin’s decentralization (therefore its status as a free, global, P2P currency).
  • causes bitcoins to become scarce and difficult to obtain.
  • Reward loss for going against the network’s established order, effectively punishing bad actors.

The Bitcoin Mining Process: How Does It Work?

Although bitcoin (and other digital assets) can be sent often, this is largely meaningless unless their whereabouts are tracked. For digital assets in particular, it’s important to remember that they’re very simple to replicate. Having a record of who was paid and by whom is vital for a fully functional digital cash system, and this is essentially what banks do for us.

In the absence of regulatory bodies, how can we verify that, say, A has sent B Bitcoins? How can we stop “double spending,” wherein User A re-spends Bitcoins that User B sent to User C?

Mining Bitcoins is the correct response.

By recording and securing all Bitcoin network transactions in permanent blocks, the Bitcoin network functions as an alternative to traditional financial institutions like banks. The final step is completed by miners, who use their allocated hashing power to confirm transactions and add them to a public distributed ledger.

In order to mine Bitcoin, you need a computer and a Bitcoin mining application (client). When you download the Bitcoin client and run it on your computer, you join the ranks of “miners” who compete to solve difficult mathematical riddles on behalf of Bitcoin. Using cryptographic hash functions, all computers attempt to solve a block containing the most recent transaction data every ten minutes.

What are bitcoin hashes?

The public ledger is updated after each block is successfully solved. The Bitcoin blockchain is the long list of blocks that make up the distributed public ledger.

Bitcoin transactions are recorded publicly on a distributed database called the blockchain. Due to its public nature, any bitcoin block explorer can be used to inspect the file. Every 10 minutes, the blockchain is updated with a new block. Therefore, the size of the blockchain is growing exponentially. As soon as a new block is generated, it is distributed to the miners so that everyone can have access to the most recent version.

So, tell me, what good does that do?

Traditional trust-based systems necessitate an honest third party to keep tabs on the ledger and make sure it isn’t tampered with. The miners in the Bitcoin network fulfill this function.

When a transaction block is complete, it must be processed by the miners. Using the SHA-256 Cryptographic Hash Algorithm, they generate what is called a hash, which appears to be a random string of numbers and letters. As a proof of work and validation, the hash is recorded with the block at the end of the blockchain at that time.

However, how do these hashes guarantee such trustworthiness?

The information in a Bitcoin block may be hashed quite simply. However, due to the randomness and uniqueness of the hash, decrypting the data by simply looking at the hash is an extremely remote possibility. A different hash will be generated even if only one letter is changed in the original input. Because of this, it is impossible to anticipate the output, and miners must rely on guesswork to try to keep up.

Still, miners employ more than only the hashes to verify transactions. The hash of the preceding block can be found in one of these components.

A digital equivalent of a wax seal, since the hash of each block includes the hash of the prior block. It ensures the integrity of the newly generated block and all previous blocks. Other miners will be able to detect a tampered block and refuse to validate it.

As a result of a fraudulent transaction, the hash of the corresponding block would also be altered. Every block in the chain would be impacted because the hash of one block is used to generate the next. Someone checking it would be able to tell the difference between a valid block and a fake one since the fake ones wouldn’t line up with the confirmed ones.

As thus, a block is “sealed off” by the miners. Let’s check out the contest section now.

A race for the coins

We’ve already established that the only method to seal off a block is to estimate the output of the hash correctly, and the most efficient way to do so is random guessing done by computers.

All miners race against one another to see who can use their mining program to guess the solution first. The first miner to solve a block (which requires billions of computer-generated guesses from around the world) is rewarded with 12.5 Bitcoins at the moment, a sum that is halved after every 210,000 blocks. In 2021, the block reward is expected to decrease to 6.25 BTC from its present level.

This is done to encourage miners to continue their efforts, which are necessary for the system to function. It is widely believed that the price of Bitcoin will continue to rise as long as the block reward percentage keeps dropping. Miners are incentivized not only by block rewards, but also by a proportional percentage of all Bitcoin transaction fees.